[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.
【藏 品 名 称】 ：苏州刺绣
【藏 品 类 型】 : 杂项
【藏 品 信 息】 :1.8m*1m
[collection name]: Suzhou embroidery
[collection type]: Miscellaneous
[collection information]: 1.8m * 1m
据考证，苏州刺绣已有 3000 多年的历史，自春秋时期开始就已形成了一定的规模。随着南方经济和文化的不断发展，到了宋期，由于苏州的载桑养蚕业的蓬勃发展而成为丝绸之乡，城乡手工作坊林立，机房鳞次栉比，夫络妻织，刺绣得到空前发展，呈现出一派繁荣景象，各种苏绣品也逐渐从日常用品发展为观赏品。
劈丝 " 是苏州刺绣工艺之一，即将一根花线分为若干份。注重合理用线和丝理的变化。还根据不同的布质、色彩及题材，不但灵活综合运针，而且花线劈丝粗细合度，从而充分表现物体形象的质感。如苏绣金鱼尾，用线要细，排针要虚，才能表现轻薄、透明感。绣鱼身线条就要略粗，排针密，才能表现浑厚感。又如绣石头、老树梗等，线粗，排针不必过于均匀。再比如绣猫，根据对象毛丝变化规律掌握丝理，绣出来的猫毛茸茸地形万言书逼真生动。苏绣工艺善于总结经验独辟蹊径，继发绣、双面绣之后，又相继成功地创造双面异色绣、双面异色异样绣等新作。就纯欣赏的美术绣品来说，是以针代笔，积丝累线而成。技法、针法的特点也就是“和色无迹、均匀熨贴、丝缕分明、毛片轻盈松快”四名话。可以说苏绣工艺是在绣制反映时代风貌的新作品中得到进一步发展与提高的。除部分满足国内人民需要外，苏绣还远销日本、意大利、摩洛哥、新西兰、美国等近 60 多个国家和地区。
苏州刺绣现在被列为中华名族非物资文化遗产，会此手艺的人不超过10人，据记载，当时苏州有一条 " 绣线巷 " ，集中了不少志门为刺绣制作花线的作坊，能染制八九十种色泽的花线，加上每色区分各种深浅层次，合计达 700 种之多，真是万紫千红各色俱全了。该藏品由藏家收藏多年，忍痛割爱出手次藏品，在拍卖会上极为少见，值得收藏。
Suzhou embroidery is the general name of embroidery products in Suzhou area. Suzhou Zhenhu embroidery is the most famous. Suzhou embroidery is Suzhou embroidery. It originated in Wuxian District of Suzhou, and now spreads all over Wuxi, Changzhou, Yangzhou, Suqian, Dongtai and other places in Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu, the birthplace of Suzhou embroidery, has a fertile land, mild climate, developed sericulture, and rich in silk. It has been the hometown of brocade since ancient times. Superior geographical environment, rich brocade and colorful threads create favorable conditions for the development of Suzhou embroidery.
At present, Suzhou embroidery technology in China has reached a high level, and embroidery products have won many awards at home and abroad. There are various kinds of embroidery: double-sided embroidery and single-sided embroidery according to varieties; platform screen, wall screen, ground screen and large combined screen according to volume modeling; people, pets, flowers and birds, scenery, still life, characteristic buildings, etc. according to performance content.
According to research, Suzhou embroidery has a history of more than 3000 years, and has formed a certain scale since the spring and Autumn period. With the continuous development of economy and culture in the south, Suzhou became the silk town due to the vigorous development of sericulture in the Song Dynasty. There were a lot of manual workshops in urban and rural areas, a large number of machine rooms, husband and wife weaving, and embroidery developed unprecedentedly, presenting a prosperous scene. All kinds of Suzhou embroidery products gradually developed from daily necessities to ornaments.
In the yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, Suzhou embroidery had many innovations and developments. Among the ornaments, most of them used famous calligraphy and paintings as embroidery manuscripts, organically combining traditional Chinese painting with embroidery and integrating them. The themes were extremely wide, including figures, landscapes, flowers and birds, etc. Suzhou embroidery pays attention to balance and symmetry in composition, with various patterns and patterns, distinct layers and overlapping mountains, and lifelike pictures. There are not only crane, Phoenix, hare, goldfish, double carp, kitten, egret, white peacock, magpie, unicorn and other auspicious animals, but also magnolia, peony, Begonia, Youlan, Ganoderma lucidum, Guizhi, lily, plum blossom, pine and cypress, bamboo leaf and other precious plants, as well as The portraits of the historical stories of the characters raise the skill of Suzhou embroidery to a new level. It is often used to praise the painting and embroidery of Xue Su Su, the embroidered daughter of Wuxian County, Suzhou in the Ming Dynasty, with the saying "huinv spring wind hand, Baihua finger end spit, Bodhisattva watching flowers, and natural fruit". At this time, Suzhou embroidery has formed its own unique style of "fine, fine, elegant and clean". In Qing Dynasty, Suzhou embroidery was widely used in many techniques. It can be said that it reached its peak and became the leader of the Chinese embroidery circle. At that time, double-sided embroidery had reached a very skilled level and became a unique masterpiece in embroidery techniques.
"Splitting silk" is one of Suzhou embroidery techniques, that is, a piece of thread is divided into several parts. Pay attention to the change of reasonable use of thread and silk texture. According to the different fabric quality, color and theme, not only the flexible and comprehensive needle, but also the thickness and fineness of the thread split, so as to fully show the texture of the object image. For example, the thread should be thin and the arrangement needle should be empty, so as to show the sense of lightness and transparency. The lines of the embroidered fish should be slightly thick and the rows of stitches should be dense, so as to express the thick feeling. Also like embroidering stone, old tree stem, etc., the thread is thick, and the arrangement needn't be too uniform. Another example is embroidering a cat. According to the rule of the change of the object's hair, the embroidered cat's hairy terrain is vivid and lifelike. Suzhou embroidery is good at summing up experience and developing a new way. After secondary embroidery and double-sided embroidery, it has successfully created new works such as double-sided different color embroidery and double-sided different color different embroidery. As for the pure appreciation of the fine arts embroidery, it is made of needle instead of pen, accumulated silk and accumulated thread. The characteristics of technique and needle technique are "harmony without trace, uniform pressing, clear silk thread, light and loose wool piece". It can be said that Suzhou embroidery technology has been further developed and improved in the new works which reflect the style of the times. In addition to partially meeting the needs of the domestic people, Suzhou embroidery is also exported to more than 60 countries and regions, such as Japan, Italy, Morocco, New Zealand and the United States.
Suzhou embroidery is now listed as a non-material cultural heritage of the famous Chinese people. There are no more than 10 people who know the craft. According to records, there was a "embroidery thread lane" in Suzhou at that time, which gathered many workshops of Zhimen to make embroidery threads. They can dye 80 or 90 colors of threads. In addition, each color can be divided into different levels of depth and light. There are as many as 700 kinds of threads in total. It's really colorful. This collection has been collected by collectors for many years. It is extremely rare in the auction and worth collecting.