[collection name]: Tian Xi Tong Bao
There are five years of Tianxi year, during which Tianxi Tongbao coins were cast as usual. Because the money was made to welcome Zhao xuanlang, the God of wealth, and the wealth, auspiciousness, justice and bravery that the people gave to the God of wealth were all concentrated on the coin, so Tianxi Tongbao can be called the worthy God of wealth money.
Tianxi Tongbao coin is one of the terms of ancient Chinese coins. The real book "Tianxi Tongbao" in mianwen, read by turns. There is nothing on the back of light. There are different versions of Xiaoping coin and Guangbei coin. Ordinary coin has a large amount of casting, about a thousand years ago. As time goes on, it becomes more and more rare. In addition, it's very rare for Xiaoping to make iron coins.
Tianxi Tongbao was cast in the reign of emperor Zhenzong in the Northern Song Dynasty (1017-1021 A.D.). Xiao Ping Qian, light back, has different sizes of characters. It has been running for five years and issued "Tianxi Tongbao". The ancient coins of Tianxi Tongbao have the potential of "Xi God", which fully and perfectly express people's worship and desire for Xi God at that time. Tianxi Tongbao is popular among collectors because of its implication of helping others, turning misfortunes into auspicious ones and so on. The shape of the outer circle and the inner side of Tianxi Tongbao has a great Oriental beauty, which is extremely in line with the aesthetic characteristics. It is not only very creative, but also very cultural and elegant, which makes it have a high collection value.
[collection name]: Kaiyuan reign
Coins began to have Tongbao in the Tang Dynasty. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Sui and wuzhu were used, which was light and chaotic. Over the past four years, in order to correct the chaotic monetary system, abolish the emperor Gaozu of Tang Dynasty, imitate the strict norms of the five baht in the Western Han Dynasty, and replace the remaining five baht in the society with Kaiyuan Tongbao. Kaiyuan Tongbao, with its appropriate scale and name, has a profound impact on the innovation of China's monetary system. It is not only the main currency of Tang Dynasty, but also the model of copper coin for more than 1000 years after Tang Dynasty.
It is said that the four characters "Kaiyuan Tongbao" were written by Ouyang Xun at that time. Later, due to different times, there were quite a lot of editions in different areas. The distance between "open" and "door" is wide, with upper opening and two feet not connected with the inner Guo, leaving a rather narrow space. "Well" is a rising well, which is far away from the two feet of the inner Guo compared with "door"; the first stroke of "yuan" is short, and the second stroke is not obvious, which is not connected with the following four points: left pick yuan, right pick yuan, double pick yuan, and walk at the bottom of the word, forming a four fold shape. The last stroke is connected with the pen, and the pen is closed Pick out the second stroke of "Yi" and "Bei" have two sides, one is to the side and the other is not to the side. Relatively speaking, the number of changes of "Yuan" is more than other three words. Japanese scholars have made a unique classification of Kaiyuan Tongbao, including Qiu Jin, Rong Ruo and Biao characters, giving another way of thinking.
Kaiyuan Tongbao, known as the back of the stars and the moon, was mostly forged in the middle Tang Dynasty, with a complex number and location of the stars and the moon. The back moon includes the last month, the next month, the slanting month, the pitching month and the tilted month. The shape of the month also has many changes, some of which are as straight as a bar, some are relatively curved. Back stars are upper, lower, left, right and shoulder stars. There are also many versions of the combination of stars and moon, such as the more common moon pregnancy star. Generally speaking, compared with the Kaiyuan Tongbao script with the back of the stars and the moon, the "Jing" in the "Kai" character is lower and closer to the inner Guo; "the first stroke of the" Yuan "character is longer, and the second stroke is obviously picked up," Yong "in the" Tong "character is gradually smaller, and the bottom of the" Yong "character is gradually connected by the separated four apostrophe;" the Baogai head and the middle of the "Yi" character have many changes, "Er" character The small gradient in is three vertical. Although Kaiyuan Tongbao stars and moons are generally on the back, the situation of face stars is not uncommon. There are Tongxia stars, Baoxia stars and crotch Xia stars.
In the Tang Dynasty, there was a shortage of money. In 845, the fifth year of Huichang, Li Shen, the governor of Huainan, asked the world to cast money in the name of the state. The capital was the capital, with the size and size of the capital. For example, Kaiyuan Tongbao was used for trading, and the old money was forbidden. In the sixth year of Huichang (846), Emperor Wuzong ordered all States to cast Kaiyuan Tongbao with money back and name. Because money was cast in the year of Huichang, later generations called it "Huichang Kaiyuan". Huichang Kaiyuan's scripts are mostly in changtongbao or Shoubao, while other scripts are less; the characters on the back of Huichang Kaiyuan's states are generally fixed, but occasionally inverted, lying or even in other positions; stars, moon, clouds, arrows and other patterns appear on the back, as well as overlapping, double characters and no scripts on the face.
Copper Kaiyuan Tongbao is a kind of common Kaiyuan Tongbao. Because of its long history and many coins unearthed, most of them are rusty and worn seriously. In addition to the copper Kaiyuan Tongbao, the Tang Dynasty also cast gold and silver Kaiyuan Tongbao. These two kinds of precious metal coins are only available for royal reward and appreciation, and they are not put into circulation. Therefore, the amount of their existence is very small. In particular, they are forged in imitation of copper Kaiyuan and Tongbao, and they are not used as circulation currency. They are more precious for the court.
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